An implant is a titanium-based artificial tooth root that is inserted within the jaw bone to restore function and appearance in cases of missing teeth. For the past 20 years, dental implants have been used as a standard treatment process.
First, it should be determined if the local and systemic conditions are suitable for implant placement. Edentulous bone quality, bone quantity, and an atomic point in the area are all local factors. The implant should not be made if the consistency of the bone is insufficient. Radiological or tomography imaging techniques should be used to assess these variables. After the condition has been decided, the strength and thickness of the bone can be improved, and the implant can then be made. Systemic factors are taken into account when determining if the patient’s general systemic condition is appropriate for implant placement. Diabetes, asthma, heart failure, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy patients should all be thoroughly tested. In this situation, a written consultation with the doctor who is in charge of the patient is required.
Under local anesthesia, the implant procedure is painless. There is no discomfort associated with this procedure. The time required for implant placement varies depending on the number of implants to be placed. (The average time is between 30 minutes and 2 hours) Antibiotics and analgesics are administered to the patient during the implant treatment, and the patient is ensured to be relaxed after the procedure. One week after the operation, sutures are removed. After the implant is inserted, the patient must wait between two and three months, depending on the condition of the person’s jaw bone and how the implant is applied. The aim of the waiting period is to establish a link between the implant and the bone (osteointegration)
The doctor’s advise must be followed after the operation. The prescription medications must be taken on a regular basis. In the first 24 hours after surgery, an ice compress should be applied. Nothing should be eaten or drunk after the operation until the anesthetic has worn off. In the first three days, avoid hot, acidic drinks, alcoholic beverages, and smoking. It’s not a good idea to take a hot shower. Washing the mouth, sucking, spitting, gargling, or cleaning the teeth on the first day of the operation is not advised. The space must be thoroughly cleaned after each meal. In the event of an emergency, the doctor should be consulted immediately.
Brushing and flossing should be done extremely carefully as directed by the doctor while caring for implant prosthetics. The insides of implant moving prostheses should be thoroughly cleaned. The doctor should be seen once a year.
An implant is superior to other traditional tooth replacement options (crowns, bridges, and partial-total dentures). When teeth are missing, a bridge will be built, and the healthy teeth adjacent to the cavity will be cut. In the case of the implant, however, such a treatment is not required. Prostheses (partial or entire dentures) are poorer than implants in terms of chewing efficiency and longevity when many teeth are missing. Furthermore, removable dentures on prosthesis must be worn and removed after each meal, as well as during night. The patient’s social life suffers as a result of this condition. These issues do not occur with implant-supported prostheses. Furthermore, implants safeguard the jaw bone and prevent it from resorbing. This prevents the degeneration of facial form caused by bone resorption.